World Affairs

Image UN General Assembly approves global arms...

UN General Assembly approves global arms trade treaty | 2 April 2013 – The United Nations General Assembly has approved a global arms trade treaty that failed to achieve unanimous support last week but garnered the support of a majority of Member States when put to a vote today. #ir #news #law #treaties #UN #armstrade #politics #history

   

Image Leadership Needed | But we can’t do it...

Leadership Needed | But we can’t do it alone. We need #leadership from the White House -- and over the past four years, President Barack Obama has taken major steps to reduce our carbon consumption, including setting higher fuel-efficiency standards for cars and trucks. His administration also has adopted tighter controls on mercury emissions, which will help to close the dirtiest coal power plants which are estimated to kill 13,000 Americans a year.

   

Image Are Eurobonds Necessary? A Response to the...

Are Eurobonds Necessary? A Response to the INET Euro Council Report | Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET)

   

Image Government, Geography, and Growth | Foreign...

Government, Geography, and Growth | Foreign Affairs, The True Drivers of #Economic Development By Jeffrey D. Sachs | According to Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson’s Why Nations Fail, economic development hinges on a country’s political institutions. But their monocausal analysis ignores other important factors (such as geography) that can also affect growth.#development

   

Image Who Watches the Drones? The Case for...

Who Watches the Drones? The Case for Independent Oversight Omar S. Bashir | Concerns abound about the secretive nature of U.S. drone programs. Even among those who support the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in counterterrorism efforts, there are frequent calls for more transparency, greater accountability, and better oversight. Seldom, though, have commentators distinguished between these seemingly interchangeable words or described what any of them would look like in practice. #surveillance

   

Image How to Make Almost Anything | Foreign...

How to Make Almost Anything | Foreign Affairs, The Digital Fabrication Revolution, By Neil Gershenfeld | A new digital revolution is coming, this time in fabrication. It draws on the same insights that led to the earlier digitizations of communication and computation, but now what is being programmed is the physical world rather than the virtual one. Digital fabrication will allow individuals to design and produce tangible objects on demand, wherever and whenever they need them. #technology

   

Image Public international law originates in the...

Public international law originates in the Peace of Westphalia in Osnabrück and Münster (1648) #internationallaw

   

Image If FP nerds were 'the public': 15 questions...

If FP nerds were 'the public': 15 questions for a more interesting debate | FP Passport | Tonight's presidential debate will be conducted in Town Hall format. Every election, we're promised that this will make the event more "unpredictable," but in reality, it means we're likely to get pre-screened questions along the lines of, "So, what are you going to do about jobs?" #elections2012 #politics

   

Image Global Official Development Assistance to...

Global Official Development Assistance to the Agriculture Sector, 1986–2009. HISTORY OF ODA TO AGRICULTURE AND THE L'AQUILA PLEDGE At its height in the mid-1980s, global official development assistance (ODA) to agriculture reached $20 billion, before it declined precipitously to just $3 billion in the early 2000s. Slowly climbing back, total ODA to agriculture in 2009 was $9 billion. #agriculture

   

Image As aid agencies warn more than 9 million...

As aid agencies warn more than 9 million people could be affected by a food crisis in East Africa, world leaders are failing to keep their 2009 promises to tackle the causes of chronic hunger and support farmers in the world’s poorest countries. #agriculture

   

Image In-Depth Training Manual on smuggling of...

In-Depth Training Manual on smuggling of migrants. The UNODC In-depth training manual on investigating and prosecuting the smuggling of migrants is the product of criminal justice expertise gathered from around the world. Three expert group meetings were held in three different continents.

   

Image UNODC Smuggling of #Migrants, Smuggling of...

UNODC Smuggling of #Migrants, Smuggling of Migrants is a crime involving the procurement for financial or other material benefit of illegal entry of a person into a State of which that person is not a national or resident. Migrant smuggling affects almost every country in the world. It undermines the integrity of countries and communities, and costs thousands of people their lives every year. UNODC, as the guardian the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.

   

Image Act Means Purpose, #HumanTrafficking is a...

Act Means Purpose, #HumanTrafficking is a crime against humanity. It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transfering, harbouring or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion or other means, for the purpose of exploiting them. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims. UNODC.

   

Image EU: Rights Abuse at Home Ignored | Human...

EU: Rights Abuse at Home Ignored | Human Rights Watch. The European Union and member governments proved unwilling to tackle human rights abuse at home during 2011, even as they proclaimed the issue’s importance in inspiring the Arab Spring, Human Rights Watch said today in its World Report 2012. #humanrights

   

Image Buffeted in the Borderland | Human Rights...

Buffeted in the Borderland | Human Rights Watch. This 124-page report is based on interviews with 161 refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers in Ukraine, Slovakia, and Hungary. It shows that although some conditions in migration detention facilities have improved, Ukraine subjects many migrants to inhuman and degrading treatment and has been unable or unwilling to provide effective protection for refugees and asylum seekers. #migration #humarights

   

Image Time to Abandon the Autocrats and Embrace...

Time to Abandon the Autocrats and Embrace Rights | Human Rights Watch. #humanrights

   

Image UPRISING: THE ARAB SPRING | Human Rights...

UPRISING: THE ARAB SPRING | Human Rights Watch. #humanrights

   

Image World Report 2012 | Human Rights Watch. This...

World Report 2012 | Human Rights Watch. This 22nd annual World Report summarizes #humanrights conditions in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide in 2011. It reflects extensive investigative work that Human Rights Watch staff has undertaken during the year, often in close partnership with domestic human rights activists. The introductory essay examines the Arab Spring, which has created an extraordinary opportunity for change. The global community has a responsibility to help.

   

Image Abusive System | Human Rights Watch. This...

Abusive System | Human Rights Watch. This 43-page report documents extensive violations by Hamas security services, including warrantless arrests, failure to inform families promptly of detainees’ whereabouts, and subjecting detainees to torture. It also documents violations of detainees’ rights by prosecutors and courts. Military courts frequently try civilians, in violation of international law. Prosecutors often deny detainees access to a lawyer, and courts have failed to uphold detainees’.

   

Image Toxic Tanneries | Human Rights Watch. This...

Toxic Tanneries | Human Rights Watch. This report documents an occupational health and safety crisis among tannery workers, both men and women, including skin diseases and respiratory illnesses caused by exposure to tanning chemicals, and limb amputations caused by accidents in dangerous tannery machinery. Residents of Hazaribagh slums complain of illnesses such as fevers, skin diseases, respiratory problems, and diarrhea, caused by the extreme tannery pollution of air, water, and soil.

   

Image Cheap Solutions for Big Problems:...

Cheap Solutions for Big Problems: Reinventing Some Wheels - Bloomberg. Reinventing Some Wheels. The world is a twitter over $100 billion-dollar tech IPOs and the latest iStuff. These marvels overshadow inexpensive, life-saving innovations that go virtually unnoticed by the high-tech industry. Hundreds of millions of people need low-cost access to water, food and connectivity, and, more specifically, cool tools like these.

   

Image Highest & Cheapest Gas Prices by Country:...

Highest & Cheapest Gas Prices by Country: Pain at the Pump - Bloomberg. Pain at the Pump. The next time you complain about the price of gas, remember: It's all relative. Filling up the same 39-gallon tank of a Chevrolet Suburban in Venezuela costs $3.51. In Norway it's $394.68. The average cost to fill up fell almost 8 percent worldwide in the last three months. Relief at the pump was not shared equally. A sharp price drop in the U.S. silenced squabbles in the presidential election.

   

Image The Life of a Plastic Water Bottle: A...

The Life of a Plastic Water Bottle: A Journey Begins - #Bloomberg. A Journey Begins. Bottled water -- clean, portable and good for you -- is the drink of choice for health-conscious consumers who balk at sugary sodas and juices. Yet the plastic containers the water comes in accumulate each year in such volume that they litter beaches, foul seas and carpet landfills. Some cities and universities are banning them. The U.S. alone accounts for 5.35 billion pounds of polyethylene terephthalate.

   

Image World’s Top Environmental Success Stories:...

World’s Top Environmental Success Stories: Don't Despair - Bloomberg. Don't Despair. It's no wonder so many environmentalists sound like downers. Forests are being wiped out at the rate of one Costa Rica-size parcel a year. Cities such as Beijing and New Delhi choke on smog. Global temperatures and tides continue an unrelenting climb. Don't despair! Forty years after the environmental movement peaked, the world has some historic success stories that reduce pollution and save lives every day.

   

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